Reading Guide Questions
Please be aware that this discussion guide may contain spoilers!
About This Book
Jean Gilkyson works in a dry-cleaning shop and lives with her boyfriend Roy in his trailer in Iowa. Her nine-year-old daughter, Griff, has made her mother promise that the next time Roy beats Jean up they will leave him, so Griff is thrilled when she and her mother finally drive away alone, determined to start a new life. When the car breaks down and the money runs out, Jean takes Griff to a place she's never told her about before: her hometown in Wyoming. For years, Jean has been running away from the night when her young husband, Griffin, died in a car accident while she was driving. His father, Einar, has never forgiven Jean for the accident that took his son's life. Einar's wife died at forty-one, leaving him alone except for his friend Mitch, with whom he served in Korea. Mitch is crippled and in constant painthe result of being attacked and nearly killed by a grizzly bear. Einar and Mitch, now old men without family ties, have become each other's lifelines. With the arrival of Jean and Griff, Einar's bitterness is heightened, but as he learns to love his granddaughter he is forced to come to terms with the life-denying power of his own guilt. With grace and determination, driven by the need to salvage her own young life, Griff unites these suffering adults in the hopes of creating two things she has never knowna real home and a stable family.
Immediately compelling and constantly surprising, rich in character, landscape, and compassion, An Unfinished Life
shows a novelist of extraordinary talents in the fullness of his powers.
- Near the opening of the novel Griff thinks, "Everybody's mother is good at something. Her mother's good at finding the same man, no matter where he lives" (p. 8). How has Griff been affected by witnessing Jean's abuse by her boyfriends?
- What does Griff's diary tell us about her feelings for her mother? What is good about their relationship? Which scenes indicate that Jean is a good mother? What does Griff admire about Jean?
- How important are routines in the lives of Mitch and Einar? What human qualities do their daily actions express? Does the novel suggest that it is routine that keeps them alive? How does the appearance of Jean and Griff alter these routines, and who benefits from the changes?
- What changes in the novel when the setting switches to Wyoming? What is the effect of Wyoming life and landscape on Griff?
- As he massages Mitch's shoulders, Einar "knows if he shuts his eyes he'd forget they weren't the same man, that he wasn't working the liniment into some scarred part of himself" (p. 21). Why is the bond Einar feels with Mitch so profound?
- How do details like Mitch's dreams and his antler carvings illuminate his character? In what ways is Mitch's personality a counterpoint to Einar's, particularly in their dealings with Griff?
- In which stereotypes of battered women does Starla, the sheriff's receptionist, believe? What acts of bravery does Jean commit to create a better life for herself and Griff? How accurately is domestic violence depicted in the novel?
- What is the significance of the bear in Mitch and Einar's relationship? Why does Mitch want to set the bear free? Does the bear have a symbolic as well as literal presence in the novel? Why is the series of events involved in setting the bear free so important?
- What do we learn about Jean when she visits her old family home? What do we learn of her relationship with Griffin? Why does she put her box of belongings back into the hole in the closet floor (p. 172)? What does it mean for her "to believe in chance as random as weather" (p. 172)?
- The story proceeds at a quick pace, with some details about the characters' pasts implied but not stated directly. For instance, how long ago was Mitch attacked by the bear? When did Einar start drinking heavily? What was Ella like, and what did she die of? What other questions does the plot suggest but not address? Does it matter that these questions aren't answered?
- Which scenes, and which details, best express the way Einar reacts to the realities of aging? How does he attempt to combat the aging of his body, and for what reasons? Why has Spragg chosen
an excerpt from Mark Strand's poem "Not Dying" for the novel's epigraph?
- Describe the most admirable elements of Griff's character. In which scenes does she seem indomitable, and in which scenes is she vulnerable and scared? In what way does Griff seem wiser than a typical nine-year-old, and how has she become that way?
- How do power and control define Roy's relationship with Jean? When is Roy most dangerous? If the novel can be said to have two dangerous antagonists, Roy and the bear, whichthe human or the animalis more threatening?
- What did Einar value in the character of his son? In what ways does Griff remind him of Griffin? If Griffin's life was "unfinished" (43), as his father emphasized, does Griff represent to him a second chance for its completion?
- How does Jean's guilt affect her life and relationships? How does Einar's grief affect his life and relationships? What does the novel suggest about people's need to hold on to their pain? How do Jean and Einar change over the course of the novel?
- Discuss the novel's structure and narration. In what order is the story presented? From whose point(s) of view is the story told? With which character(s) does the reader become most intimate?
- Describe Mark Spragg's writing style. Is there a relationship between his style and the emotional impact of the story?
Page numbers refer to the hardcover edition.
William Faulkner, "The Bear"; Ivan Doig, English Creek; Richard Ford, A Multitude of Sins; Charles Frazier, Cold Mountain; Ernest Hemingway, The Nick Adams Stories; Kaye Gibbons, Ellen Foster; Kent Haruf, Plainsong; Ken Kesey, Sometimes a Great Notion; Larry McMurtry, Lonesome Dove; Larry McMurtry, ed., Still Wild: Short Fiction of the American West, 1950 to the Present; Annie Proulx, Close Range; Mona Simpson, Anywhere But Here; Wallace Stegner, Angle of Repose; Tobias Wolff, This Boy's Life.
Unless otherwise stated, this discussion guide is reprinted with the permission of Vintage.
Any page references refer to a USA edition of the book, usually the trade paperback version, and may vary in other editions.