BookBrowse Reviews Frankissstein by Jeanette Winterson

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by Jeanette Winterson

Frankissstein by Jeanette Winterson X
Frankissstein by Jeanette Winterson
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     Not Yet Rated
  • First Published:
    Oct 2019, 352 pages

    Sep 2020, 366 pages


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Book Reviewed by:
Lisa Butts
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About this Book



Mary Shelley imagines Victor Frankenstein into being, while a doctor falls in love with a transhumanist in Winterson's queer, genre-bending fever dream.

Jeanette Winterson's futurist sci-fi/alternative history hybrid unfolds in two main timelines. In the first, it's 1816 and Mary Shelley, Percy Shelley, Lord Byron, Byron's doctor Polidori, and Mary's half-sister Claire are vacationing at Lake Geneva. It's raining, they're bored, and Byron prods Mary into writing a horror story that will eventually become Frankenstein. In another timeline, we're transported to post-Brexit England, where a transgender doctor named Ry Shelley falls in love with Victor Stein, a transhumanist scientist determined to unfreeze his mentor's cryogenic head and bring him back to life in a new form. While investigating the potential impact of artificial intelligence on human health, Ry also meets Ron Lord, proprietor of a wildly successful line of sex robots, and Claire, a born-again Christian who finds herself aligned with Ron due to a confluence of unforeseen circumstances. Meanwhile, in a subplot set in 1818 that emerges about halfway through the novel, a mysterious stranger shows up in Bedlam, the infamous English mental institution, claiming to be a character from Mary Shelley's now widely-read book.

The novel flawlessly synthesizes its dual plotlines. The past, present and future are in constant conversation with one another, demonstrating how what we yearn for is often tied to the times we live in and what we're capable of imagining. Yet there are longings that span all time, and there are always individuals who dare to defy the perceived limitations of what's possible. One of the themes in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein (first published in 1818) is the potential for life beyond death, transcending the constraints of the human body. Winterson picks up this narrative thread with her own version of Shelley's anti-hero who seeks to transplant a human brain into a computer.

Though the novel is narrated principally from the third person limited perspectives of Mary and Ry, Winterson allows each of her characters to have a valid voice. Even the sex doll inventor grows sympathetic as he explains his intent to provide companionship to those who would otherwise be utterly and painfully alone. Winterson maintains authorial distance, never injecting her own opinions into the narrative; she trusts readers to evaluate the characters and their motivations on their own. Stein remains mysterious despite a somewhat hastily presented side story involving the mentor whose brain he wishes to reanimate, but the character works because we see him as Ry does—as the inscrutable man that he loves.

For all of its sci-fi conceits, Frankissstein is at heart a dual love story, that of Percy and Mary Shelley, and that of Ry Shelley and Victor Stein. Both are rendered artfully as both passionate and dysfunctional (the novel cleverly explores how these dual qualities in a relationship can feed off one another; for example, Victor's emotional unavailability only makes him more attractive to Ry). Then there is the love Mary Shelley has for her creation, Victor Frankenstein, and the love Victor Stein has for his mentor, even the love Ron Lord has for his dolls. Again, Winterson never judges these different attachments or posits a hierarchy for them.

The magic of the novel is its philosophical daring and imaginative construction. It moves back and forth through time weaving together themes and symbols, and asks bold questions about the relationship between humans and machines. What is a human being? Are transgender people on a similar journey to transhumanists? The former seeking to align their minds and their bodies, and the latter wishing to move beyond the limitations imposed by the human form? Is this the future we're all headed for — one where mortality is flouted by technology and people can live on past death in machine form? Can a machine love? Can a machine love better than a person?

Frankissstein is funny and delightfully weird. The author's penchant for flouting conventions and genre norms has been fully and completely realized in this magnum opus.

Reviewed by Lisa Butts

This review was originally published in The BookBrowse Review in October 2019, and has been updated for the November 2020 edition. Click here to go to this issue.

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