Lutz Heck took over the Berlin Zoo from his distinguished father in 1931, and
almost immediately began remodeling the zoos ecology and ideology. To coincide
with the 1936 Olympics, held in Berlin, he opened a "German Zoo," an exhibit
honoring the countrys wildlife, complete with "Wolf Rock" at its center,
surrounded by enclosures for bears, lynxes, otters, and other native species.
This bold patriotic display underscoring the importance of familiar animals, and
that one neednt go to the ends of the earth to find exotic species, conveyed a
laudable message, and if hed unveiled his exhibit today, his motives wouldnt
be questioned. But given the era, his beliefs, and the ultranationalism of his
family, he clearly wanted to please Nazi friends by contributing to the ideal of
Germanys master races. A 1936 photograph shows Heck and Göring on a hunting
trip to Schorfheide, Hecks large preserve in Prussia; and the following year,
Heck joined the Nazi Party.
A big-game hunter, Heck spent the peak moments of his life pursuing danger and adventure, several times a year launching trips to garner animals for his zoo and perhaps bag a pair of longhorn sheep heads for his wall or come face to face with a toweringly mad female grizzly. He relished wild razoredged hunts, in Africa especially, which he recapped in scenic letters, written by lantern light, astride a camp stool near a well-fed fire, while lions grunted invisibly in the blackness and his companions slept. "The campfire flickering in front of me," he once wrote, "and behind me coming out of the dark infinity the sounds of an invisible and mysterious wild animal." Alone yet faintly haunted by circling predators, he would replay the days exploits in ink, some to save, some to share with friends in another drape of reality, the Europe that seemed to him planets away. Action photographs often accompanied his letters: lassoing a giraffe, leading a baby rhinoceros, capturing an aardvark, evading a charging elephant.
Heck loved collecting trophies, as memory aids to a wild part of his self that emerged in remote wildernesslive animals to display at his zoo, dead animals to stuff, photographs to share and frame. In the heyday of his travels he seemed to collect life itself, keeping voluminous diaries, snapping hundreds of photographs, and writing popular books (such as AnimalsMy Adventure) which limned his passion for the wilderness, in which he detailed feats of extraordinary bravery, stoicism, and skill. Heck knew his strengths, admired the heroic in himself and others, and could tell a bar-gripping story over drinks at annual meetings. Though he indulged in self-mythology from time to time, his personality fit a profession which has always attracted some people with a yen for exploration, in flight from domesticity, and craving just enough ordeal to feel the threads of mortality fraying. Without his type, maps would still show a flat earth and no one would believe the source of the Nile. Sometimes Heck slayed dragonsor rather their real-life equivalentsbut mainly he captured, photographed, and displayed them with gusto. Passionate and single-minded, when he set his sights on an animal, either in the wild or belonging to someone, he lusted after it, tried every lure or ruse he could think of, and persisted until he exhausted the animal or wore down its owner.
For decades the Heck brothers had pursued a fantastic goal, a quest that engaged Heinz but completely infatuated Lutz: the resurrection of three pure-blooded, extinct speciesthe Neolithic horses known as forest tarpans, aurochsen (the wild cow progenitor of all European cattle breeds), and the European or "forest" bison. On the eve of the war the Hecks had produced some near aurochsen and tarpans of their own, but the Polish strains ran truer to type, the clear inheritors.
Reprinted from The Zookeeper's Wife by Diane Ackerman. Copyright (c) 2007 by Diane Ackerman. With permission of the publisher, W.W. Norton & Company, Inc.
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