Mission and Values
So Much Hot Air About Something So Real
Bear with me, if you will, while I talk about mission and values.
I say that because these two terms have got to be among the most abstract, overused, misunderstood words in business. When I speak with audiences, Im asked about them frequently, usually with some level of panic over their actual meaning and relevance. (In New York, I once got the question Can you please define the difference between a mission and a value, and also tell us what difference that difference makes?) Business schools add to the confusion by having their students regularly write mission statements and debate values, a practice made even more futile for being carried out in a vacuum. Lots of companies do the same to their senior executives, usually in an attempt to create a noble-sounding plaque to hang in the company lobby.
Too often, these exercises end with a set of generic platitudes that do nothing but leave employees directionless or cynical. Who doesnt know of a mission statement that reads something like, XYZ Company values quality and service, or, Such-and-Such Company is customer-driven. Tell me what company doesnt value quality and service or focus on its customers! And who doesnt know of a company that has spent countless hours in emotional debate only to come up with values that, despite the good intentions that went into them, sound as if they were plucked from an all-purpose list of virtues including integrity, quality, excellence, service, and respect. Give me a breakevery decent company espouses these things! And frankly, integrity is just a ticket to the game. If you dont have it in your bones, you shouldnt be allowed on the field.
By contrast, a good mission statement and a good set of values are so real they smack you in the face with their concreteness. The mission announces exactly where you are going, and the values describe the behaviors that will get you there. Speaking of that, I prefer abandoning the term values altogether in favor of just behaviors. But for the sake of tradition, lets stick with the common terminology.
First: About That Mission . . .
In my experience, an effective mission statement basically answers one question: How do we intend to win in this business?
It does not answer: What were we good at in the good old days? Nor does it answer: How can we describe our business so that no particular unit or division or senior executive gets pissed off?
Instead, the question How do we intend to win in this business? is defining. It requires companies to make choices about people, investments, and other resources, and it prevents them from falling into the common mission trap of asserting they will be all things to all people at all times. The question forces companies to delineate their strengths and weaknesses in order to assess where they can profitably play in the competitive landscape.
Yes, profitablythats the key. Even Ben & Jerrys, the crunchy-granola, hippy, save-the-world ice cream company based in Vermont, has profitable growth and increasing value for stakeholders as one of the elements of its three-part mission statement because its executives know that without financial success, all the social goals in the world dont have a chance.
Thats not saying a mission shouldnt be bold or aspirational. Ben & Jerrys, for instance, wants to sell all natural ice cream and euphoric concoctions and improve the quality of life locally, nationally and internationally. That kind of language is great in that it absolutely has the power to excite people and motivate them to stretch.
The foregoing is excerpted from Winning by Jack Welch and Suzy Welch. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be used or reproduced without written permission from HarperCollins Publishers, 10 East 53rd Street, New York, NY.
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