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BookBrowse Reviews Netherland by Joseph O'Neill

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A Novel

by Joseph O'Neill

Netherland by Joseph O'Neill X
Netherland by Joseph O'Neill
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  • First Published:
    May 2008, 272 pages
    Jun 2009, 272 pages


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Book Reviewed by:
Amy Reading
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About this Book



A picture of a little-known New York and the grand strangeness and fading promise of 21st century America

Netherland, alas, does not live up to its formidable promise. I was hooked by this novel right away and was rooting for it throughout the first third, as it kept holding out the good stuff on me and deferring the true introduction of the charismatic man at its heart. But it gradually became clear that this novel wasn't ever going to happen, and I finished it with disappointment.

Netherland is about the friendship of two very different men. The first is Hans van der Broek, a straight-laced Dutch banker who marries Rachel, a British woman, and relocates with her to New York City. After the 9/11 attacks uproot them from their Tribeca loft and deposit them in the famed and eccentric Chelsea Hotel, their marriage begins to fall apart. When his wife takes their son back to London, Hans finds himself adrift in the city and removed from his own feelings. A chance conversation with a taxi driver leads him to join a regular cricket match on Staten Island, and there he encounters Chuck Ramkissoon.

Chuck's identity is improbable and slippery. He is a West Indian with gravity and authority, but his authority is sourceless, self-generated. He presides from a nondescript office in the garment district, backed by a grouchy rich man whom he must constantly humor, and his business is nothing so much as being on the make. Hans describes him in these terms:

He found the ordinary run of dealings between people boring and insufficiently advantageous to him at the deep level of strategy at which he liked to operate. He believed in owning the impetus of a situation, in keeping the other guy off balance, in proceeding by way of sidesteps. If he saw an opportunity to act with suddenness or take you by surprise or push you into the dark, he'd take it, almost as a matter of principle. He was a willful, clandestine man who followed his own instincts and analyses and would rarely be influenced by advice—not my advice, that's for sure.

His grand vision is to create the New York Cricket Club, a first-class cricket stadium in Queens. "Global TV rights. A game between India and Pakistan in New York City? In a state-of-the-art arena with Liberty Tower in the background? Can you imagine the panning shots?" Chuck tells Hans, "we're thinking a TV viewership of seventy million in India alone. Seventy million. Do you have any idea of the sponsorship deals this would attract?" Almost without his consent, he folds Hans into the scheme. Hans soon finds himself mowing the future cricket green and driving Chuck around the city on enigmatic business errands, all in a quest to decipher his new friend. Is he a con artist, a delusional, a visionary?

Chuck is the mystery around which this novel circles, but it almost feels as if the author doesn't realize that, because he devotes most of the novel to Hans. This is a huge tactical mistake, because Hans is a cipher, a man absent to himself and who should therefore properly be the vehicle through whom we come to understand the alternately entertaining and threatening Chuck. Instead, we are treated to long passages in which Hans recollects his boyhood in The Hague and the opening years of his relationship with Rachel. These recollections are meant to pervade the novel with a powerful sense of nostalgia even as Hans builds a new life for himself, but instead they simply feel like lengthy—and ultimately fatal—diversions from the real story of Chuck. O'Neill writes searingly well about the silences that begin to accumulate in a dying marriage. But Hans remains placid and unresponsive through most of the story—in fact, this is one of the reasons why Rachel leaves him. As she announces her intentions to move back to London, he describes himself as "sitting on the floor, my shoes stupidly pointing at the ceiling".

It doesn't help that O'Neill, himself an Irishman raised in Holland, uses an idiosyncratic English that itself gets in the way of total immersion in his world ("I was not much extracted from the innocence in which the benevolent but fraudulent world conspires to place us as children").

Netherland is best when it introduces its kaleidoscopic and near-infinite cast of background characters—the colorful denizens of the Chelsea Hotel, the international team of cricketers on Staten Island, the marginal figures with whom Chuck socializes and does shady business. But none of these characters stick around for long, as Hans keeps taking up the story in his plodding and uninflected voice, and even Chuck's story gets buried in the far less engaging story of Hans' reunion with Rachel. I rooted hard for this book, but in the end it let me down.

Reviewed by Amy Reading

This review was originally published in The BookBrowse Review in June 2008, and has been updated for the June 2009 edition. Click here to go to this issue.

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