Bangladesh: In 1947 the Partition of India caused the formation of East
and West Pakistan (separated by a distance of about 1,000 miles). Although
the two regions shared a common religion (Islam) large ethnic and linguistic
differences existed which in 1971, following the Bangladesh Liberation War, led
to the formation of Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan) as a country separate from both India and
Pakistan. It is the third largest Muslim-majority nation, and one of the
most densely populated countries in the world; about 147 million people live
in an area about the size of Iowa, with about a third of the land prone to
flooding each year. The infant mortality rate is 61 out of every 1,000
live births, the literacy rate is 43% and the gross domestic product equivalent to
USA $2,100 per capita.
From the Grameen Bank website: Grameencredit is based on the premise that the poor have skills which remain unutilised or under-utilised. It is definitely not the lack of skills which make poor people poor. Grameen believes that the poverty is not created by the poor, it is created by the institutions and policies which surround them. In order to eliminate poverty all we need to do is to make appropriate changes in the institutions and policies, and/or create new ones. Grameen believes that charity is not an answer to poverty. It only helps poverty to continue. It creates dependency and takes away individual's initiative to break through the wall of poverty. Unleashing of energy and creativity in each human being is the answer to poverty.
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This article is from the November 12, 2006 issue of BookBrowse Recommends.
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