Hamilton dedicates her book to
Carter, the Pulitzer-winning photograph particularly known for the
photograph that personified the Sudanese famine - a tiny girl
squatting on scrawny knees, head drooping heavily with a vulture lurking
behind. Two months after collecting his award Carter attached
a garden hose to his exhaust pipe and gassed himself. The note
beside him on the passenger seat read 'The pain of life overrides the
joy to the point that joy does not exist'.
For a summarized history of the region try these links, each covers broadly the same events, but each with their own subtle differences in interpretation.