Please be aware that this discussion guide may contain spoilers!
About this Reader's Guide
The Innocent Man unfolds with the taut suspense, intriguing characters, and vivid scenes that have made John Grisham one of the most
widely read novelists in America. But this time, hes reporting on actual eventsand a courtroom drama that results in a real-life nightmare
for all the wrong people. Sentenced to death for a murder he did not commit, Ron Williamson experienced a flagrant miscarriage of justice so
regrettably common in criminal prosecutions across the country. His story will leave you hungering for answers; whether you read it with a
group of friends or as part of a forum, The Innocent Man is not a book you will want to keep to yourself. This guide is designed to
enhance your discussion of Ron Williamsons story, furthering the conversation begun by John Grisham. We hope it will enhance your experience
of this chilling walk with the accused.
What were your initial impressions of Ron Williamson? How did your attitudes toward him shift throughout The Innocent Man?
Discuss the setting of Ada, Oklahoma, as if it were one of the characters in the book. What were your opinions as Grisham described Adas landscapea vibrant small town dotted with relics of a long-gone oil boomand the regions history of Wild West justice?
In your opinion, why was Glen Gore overlooked as a suspect? Were mistakes made as a result of media pressure to find justice for Debbie Carter and her family? How did Dennis Fritzs knowledge of the drug scandal affect the manhunt? Was injustice in Ada simply due to arrogance?
How was Dennis different from Ron? Why didnt Dennis confess, while Tommy Ward and Karl Fotenot did? Did refusing to confess help Dennis in the long run?
As you read about the court proceedings, what reactions did you have to the trial-by-jury process? Have you served on a jury, or been a defendant before a jury? If so, how did your experience compare to the one described in The Innocent Man?
What are the most significant factors in getting a fair trial, or an intelligent investigation? Does personality matter more than logic in our judicial system? How would you have voted if you had heard the cases against Ron and Dennis?
How does new crime-lab technology make you feel about the history of convictions in America? What might future generations use to replace lie-detector tests or fingerprint databases? What are the limitations of technology in solving crimes?
How did the early 1980s time period affect the way Debbies last day unfolded, and the way her killer was hunted? Would a small-town woman be less likely to trust a Glen Gore today than twenty-five years ago? Were Rons high-rolling days in Tulsa spurred by a culture of experimentation and excess?
How did the descriptions of Oklahomas death row compare to what you had previously believed? What distinctions in treatment should be made between death-row inmates and the rest of the prison population?
What is the status of the death penalty in the state where you live? What have you discovered about the death penalty as a result of reading The Innocent Man?
In his authors note, Grisham says that he discovered the Ada saga while reading Rons obituary. What research did he draw on in creating a portrait of this man he never knew? In what ways does The Innocent Man read like a novel? What elements keep the storytelling realistic?
Discuss the aftermath of Rons and Denniss exoneration. How did you balance your reaction to the triumph of Rons large cash settlement (a rare victory in such civil suits) and the fact that it would have to be paid for by local taxpayers?
The Dreams of Ada (back in print from Broadway Books) figures prominently in Rons experience, though the men convicted in that murder are still behind bars. What is the role of journalists in ensuring public safety? Why are they sometimes able to uncover truths that law enforcement officials dont see?
Grisham is an avid baseball fan. How did his descriptions of Ron playing baseball serve as a metaphor for Rons rise and fall, and his release?
To what extent do you believe mental health should be a factor in determining someones competence to stand trial, or in determining guilt or innocence?
In his authors note, Grisham writes, Ada is a nice town, and the obvious question is: When will the good guys clean house? What are the implications of this question for communities far beyond Ada? What can you do to help clean house in Americas judicial system?
The Innocence Project http://www.innocenceproject.org
The Innocence Project: Ron Williamson http://www.innocenceproject.org/case/ display_profile.php?id=59
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) http://www.aclu.org
ACLU Oklahoma http://www.acluok.org
The Oklahoma Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty http://www.ocadp.org/news/stories/williamson.html
Life After Exoneration Program http://www.exonerated.org/index.php
Active Voice After Innocence http://www.activevoice.net/afterinnocence.html
National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty http://www.ncadp.org
Southern Poverty Law Center http://www.splcenter.org
National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers http://www.nacdl.org/public.nsf/freeform/ publicwelcome?opendocument%20
Citizens United for Alternatives to the Death Penalty http://www.cuadp.org/
Catholics Against Capital Punishment http://www.cacp.org
The Abolitionist Action Committee http://www.abolition.org
Death Penalty Information Center http://deathpenaltyinfo.org
The Justice Project http://www.thejusticeproject.org
PBS Frontline: Ron Williamson Profile http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/ shows/burden/profiles/williamson.html
Law Library of Congress & State of Oklahoma http://www.loc.gov/law/guide/us-ok.html
US Government & Human Rights http://usinfo.state.gov/dhr/human_rights.html
National Council on Crime and Delinquency http://www.nccd-crc.org/nccd/n_mission_main.html
Center On Wrongful Conviction http://www.centeronwrongfulconvictions.org
New Project Aims to Assist Exonerated Prisoners http://www.truthinjustice.org/LAEP.htm
Find Anti-Death Penalty Advocates and Anti-Death Penalty Meet ups near you http://antideathpen.meetup.com
Clark Prosecutor & Wrongful Conviction Sites http://www.clarkprosecutor.org/html/ links/dplinks.htm#ng
The Abolishment Movement A Forum Dedicated to Abolishing the Death Penalty http://abolishmentmovement.mywowbb.com
Amnesty International -- The Death Penalty http://web.amnesty.org/pages/deathpenalty-index-eng
Unless otherwise stated, this discussion guide is reprinted with the permission of Dell.
Any page references refer to a USA edition of the book, usually the trade paperback version, and may vary in other editions.
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