Japanese-Americans in World War II
People of Japanese descent were the victims of racial prejudice from the time they first started to arrive in the USA, and USA-controlled Hawaii, in the mid to late 19th century to work as laborers. By the early 1900s, some Japanese immigrants had started to lease land and sharecrop - California reacted by passing The Alien Land Law of 1913 which banned the purchase of land by Japanese. A little over a decade later, the 1924 US Immigration Act banned immigration from Japan.
By the start of World War II, anti-Japanese sentiment was high, particularly among the farming and fishing communities competing with the Japanese for both jobs and commerce. The panic and hysteria following Pearl Harbor in 1941 increased the public's overall distrust of their Japanese neighbors.
On February 19, 1942, Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066. The document permitted the Secretary of War and the ...