About Autism: According to
Autism Speaks, it is likely that throughout history people have lived
with what are now known as autistic spectrum disorders, but the term was first
used around 1911 by Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler.
Autism was first described as a specific condition by Dr Leo Kanner in 1943. The following year, Dr Hans Asperger published his paper on the 'high-functioning' form of autism that bears his name (some believe Einstein and Newton both had Asbergers). During the 1950s and '60s many doctors believed autism was a psychological disturbance caused by poor mothering. This theory was firmly crushed in the 1960s with the evidence that autism was a biological condition.
In 1994, the National Alliance for Autism Research, now merged with Autism Speaks, was established in the USA to fund biomedical research. In the mid 1990s genetic researchers began to link autism to abnormalities on certain chromosomes.
Many have posited a link between ...