Masha Hamilton describes the inspiration for her 2007 novel, The Camel Bookmobile
The Camel Bookmobile made its first run almost a decade ago. Three
dromedaries trudged through dusty, arid northeastern Kenya near the border with
Somalia to bring a library to settlements so tiny and far-flung theyd become
nearly invisible; places lacking roads and schools, where most people had never
held a book between their hands and where they lived daily with drought, hunger
I first heard about the project from my daughter one autumn afternoon as I drove my three children to the Bear Canyon Library in Arizonas Tanque Verde valley. One detail in particular piqued my interest. Because books were rare and precious in the reaches of Africa far from the safari vacationers, the camel-powered library initiated a severe fine. If even one person lost a book, the bookmobile would boycott that entire village, choosing another to visit instead.
The fine was intended both to protect books so literacy could spread, and to encourage a wandering people to adopt the practices of a more settled world. But reality, as always, would be more complex than theory, I knew.
As I listened, the entire arc of a story came to me in one gulp. I imagined an American librarian who travels to Africa to give meaning to her own life, and ends up losing a piece of her heart. I saw a scarred African boy, once mauled nearly to death by a hyena, who finds an extraordinary way to enlarge his narrow world. I saw a huddle of mud and dung huts where a few books go missing, and where people who fear for their way of life turn their anger on the disfigured boy.
Through it all, I envisioned books Dr. Seuss, Homer, vegetarian cookbooks, Tom Sawyer, Hemingway novels, Zen meditations, short stories about modern love traveling through the remote desert on the arched backs of camels, like notes from another world sealed in a bottle and tossed into a sea.
It was the first time Ive ever experienced a story in that way, and it was intoxicating. I began to share parts of it with my children, my voice rising as we pulled into the library parking lot. But then I stopped abruptly. I didnt want to spend the storys energy yet, I told them.
Why have my novels been set in foreign countries? Ive been asked this question. Ive been told Americans only like to read about themselves. But like Fi Sweeney, the librarian in the novel, Im convinced that the chance to see ourselves through anothers prism is important perhaps more than ever. One theme the novel explores that may be particularly crucial right now is the idea that American generosity, deeply rooted in our national character, can also sometimes inadvertently cause harm.
I had more to learn about the books characters and their world, of course, and bringing them to life on the page still took years after that initial swell of story. But because I knew so much of the story so quickly, I had company during the writing process. Fi Sweeney, Scar Boy, the village teacher Matani, his alluring wife Jwahir and her lover, the drummaker Abayomi: from the first, their voices joined together to narrate a tale I could not ignore.
The Distance Between Us - The Story Behind The Book
It was the summer of 1994 and I was back in the states after a decade spent
covering bloody clashes in the Middle East and the turbulent collapse of
Communism in the Soviet Union when I first heard the news about Kevin Carter. I
already knew him as a member of the Bang
Bang Club a group of photojournalists based in South Africa and
notorious for their often-reckless coverage of apartheids final deadly days.
Id seen his Pulitzer-winning
photograph, published by the New York Times, which personified the
heartbreak of the Sudanese famine with the image of a tiny girl squatting on
scrawny knees, head drooping heavily to the ground, a vulture lurking behind.
The image haunted me, in part, because the girl was close to the age of my own
daughter. Close to the age of Carters daughter, as well.
I wasnt prepared for the news of that July. Two months after hed collected what hed called the highest acknowledgment possible of his work, and had been feted and praised, Carter parked his red pickup truck near a small river where he used to play as a boy, attached a garden hose to the exhaust pipe and gassed himself to death. "The pain of life overrides the joy to the point that joy does not exist," he wrote in a note he left on the passenger seat.
Word of his suicide came just as I was realizing for myself what covering a lesser degree of violence had cost me, so I understood pretty quickly that what might at first seem inexplicable, if examined for a moment longer, was not.
Journalists who regularly cover war pay a price. Stepping around those pointlessly killed in warfare, or interviewing someone who has just lost the one closest him, takes a toll. The typical penalty is a repression of emotions that begins, by necessity, in the field. This isnt initially a bad thing; in fact, at the time, its crucial. The aftermath of combat often leads to the most profound moments in peoples lives. In order to be fully present, journalists must shove their own shock or fear or revulsion into an inaccessible corner and ignore it at least long enough to cover the story, maybe longer.
I remember the first time I came face-to-face with a body a policeman sprawled in the middle of the road, killed during a domestic quarrel that turned into a triple homicide. I sneaked past police barricades, found myself standing next to another cop who turned out to be the victims brother, and listened as he poured out his anguish or, put another way, I exclusively collected the quotes that would land the story on front pages across the country the next day. As the congratulations rolled in, I felt nauseous and ashamed. I left town for the weekend, holed up with another journalist friend, and then decided I had to accept the predatory, voyeuristic aspect to the job I loved, or quit. So I suppressed my emotions, and kept smothering them as I witnessed bloodshed in Lebanon, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, and interviewed victims of horrendous crimes.
The difficulty is that this skill of suppression, once honed, can impose itself on ones personal life. Those who have spent long months in war zones may find themselves reluctant to invest too fully in other arenas as well, shy about emotional involvement, stingy with their feelings. Then, the act of covering war can turn into what social critic Christopher Lasch has called "a refuge from the terrors of inner life."
Another repercussion of war coverage is a strange and growing compulsion to witness violence the lust of the eye, as the Bible puts it as well as a craving for the rush of risk-taking. It may seem contradictory, but it makes a mad kind of sense. In the midst of that death and destruction, the journalist can begin to feel invincible in fact, maybe has to feel invincible in order to keep on and that feeling is addictive. In my own experiences, I never really believed the fighting would claim me, even when the shooting was right there, even when I was stepping over spent bullets, swimming in tear gas or accosted by a furious, drunken Soviet soldier. I never bought the cliché about ones number eventually coming up. Yet sometimes I found myself palm-damp scared. And maybe that signaled an intuition I should have listened to, but I usually didnt have time, and I survived anyway, and theres an unparalleled, heady victory in that.
Of course, it requires more suppressing of emotions in this case, fear.
The effects of covering war and near-war are not all negative; there is an almost ecstatic camaraderie in the shared experience of moments that those "back home" can never know. "We had shared something together in Sarajevo so intimate and incommunicable, a humility and compassion among individuals unconnected by blood tie, which I have never found elsewhere," Anthony Loyd wrote in his book My War Gone By, I Miss It So. In addition, covering conflict can offer a journalist a glimpse at a deeper humanity, one in which trivial concerns are recognized for what they are, and people pressed up against the wall really do the right thing.
Then there are the other times, when it seems no one is doing the right thing not the participants, and not the watching journalists. Two months before he claimed the Pulitzer, Carter was among the photojournalists in South Africa who witnessed, from only feet away, the summary execution of white right-wingers by a black policeman. The photographers captured the fear on the victims faces right before they crumpled and died. Then the photographers turned and ran. "Inside something is screaming, "My God,'" Carter said. "But it is time to work. Deal with the rest later. If you can't do it, get out of the game."
Deal with it. Dull your emotions. Carter didnt, in the end. This novel is dedicated to him, and other journalists like him who cover war and give up pieces of themselves to do so.
Unless otherwise stated, this interview was conducted at the time the book was first published, and is reproduced with permission of the publisher. This interview may not be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the copyright holder.
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