Please be aware that this discussion guide may contain spoilers!
"Since I never really had a grandfather," Bragg writes in the prologue, "I
decided to make me one. . . . I built him up from dirt level, using
half-forgotten sayings, half-remembered stories and a few yellowed, brittle,
black-and-white photographs that, under the watch of my kin, I handled like
diamonds" [p. 10]. The result is a vividly drawn portrait of a man who made a
profound and lasting impression on all those who knew him. Charlie Bundrum, the
father of Bragg's mother, was a poor, backwoods roofer and sometime maker and
seller of moonshine. He was a man who lived all his life in poverty and settled
his arguments with his fistsa man so quick he could snatch a squirrel out of
a tree, so strong he could throw two highway patrolmen out of a beer joint, and
so fearless he could stare down the barrel of a shotgun and take it away from a
hothead who threatened his family. But he was also a generous and loyal friend,
a loving husband, father, and grandfather who worked fiercely to stave off
starvation during the Great Depression, moving his family twenty-one times in
ten years in the hope of finding better work. Bragg brings his grandfather fully
to life, not by turning him into a saint but by revealing his faultshis
proclivity for fighting and love of "likker"as well as all those qualities
that brought hundreds of people to his funeral and could still bring tears to
the eyes of his family members forty years after his death.
Though not the kind of man often found in history books, Charlie Bundrum was a
hero to many, and in Bragg's gripping narrative he is a representative figure of
a vanishing culture, "the last bridge between those old, wild days of the river
and this more civilized time" [p. 236]. Although Bragg was never acquainted with
his grandfather in life, in Ava's Man he comes to know the man behind the
family myth and gives readers the unique and unforgettable pleasure of knowing
him as well.
In the prologue, Rick Bragg wonders about his grandfather, "What kind
of man was this . . . who is so beloved, so missed, that the mere mention of his
death would make [his family] cry forty-two years after he was preached into the
sky?" [p. 9] How does the book answer this question? What kind of man is Charlie Bundrum? Why does his memory evoke such powerful emotions in those who knew him?
Bragg says that he wrote this story "for a lot of reasons," one of
which was "to give one more glimpse into a vanishing culture" [p. 13]. How does
he create a vivid picture of that culture? What does he admire about it? How is
it different from "the new South"? What other reasons compelled Bragg to write
about a grandfather he never knew?
Bragg says that Charlie Bundrum was "blessed with that beautiful,
selective morality that we Southerners are famous for. Even as a boy, he thought
people who steal were trash, real trash. . . . Yet he saw absolutely nothing
wrong with downing a full pint of likker . . . before engaging in a fistfight
that sometimes required hospitalization" [p. 53]. What kind of moral code does
Charlie live by? Are his frequent acts of violence justifiable? In what sense
can Charlie be called a hero?
Charlie is a man of great physical strength and courage, but what
instances of kindness, generosity, and caring balance the violence and
recklessness in his life? How does the inclusion of this kind of behavior in
Bragg's description create a richer and fuller portrait of the man?
In speaking of his grandfather's legacy, Bragg says, "A man like
Charlie Bundrum doesn't leave much else, not title or property, not even letters
in the attic. There's just stories, all told second- and thirdhand, as long as
somebody remembers" [p. 18]. What is the value of preserving the kind of stories
that Bragg gathers in Ava's Man?
Ava's Man is filled with dramatic confrontations and vivid
scenes. What episodes stand out the most? What do these episodes reveal about
the character of the Bundrum family?
In considering his grandfather's drinking, Bragg writes, "I am not
trying to excuse it. He did things that he shouldn't have. I guess it takes
someone who has outlived a mean drunk to appreciate a kind one" [p. 133]. What
does this passage suggest about Bragg's personal stake in reconnecting with his
grandfather? What kind of portrait does he paint of his own father in Ava's
Charlie Bundrum "was a man who did the things more civilized men
dream they could, who beat one man half to death for throwing a live snake at
his son, who shot a large woman with a .410 shotgun when she tried to cut him
with a butcher knife, who beat the hell out of two worrisome Georgia highway
patrolmen and threw them headfirst out the front door of a beer joint called the
Maple on the Hill" [p. 8]. In what ways is Charlie free from the constraints of
society? What is the cost of this freedom? Is Bragg right in thinking that
Charlie's way of living is something that more civilized men envy?
Bragg writes that Ava could have had her sister Grace's life, a life
of relative wealth and comfort, of fine clothes, good food, and travel, instead
of a life of rented houses, poverty, and hard labor in the cotton fields. "She
could have hated her life," Bragg admits [p. 153]. Why doesn't she? What does
Charlie give her that other men cannot? What kind of woman is she?
Why does Charlie take in Hootie? What does this reveal about his
character? What does Hootie bring out in Charlie?
Bragg writes that Charlie "could charm a bird off a wire" [p. 45].
What are the charms of Bragg's own storytelling style? Where else does he use
colorful similes? In what ways is his narrative voice perfectly suited to his
What does Ava's Man reveal about how the Great Depression
affected people in the Deep South, especially those who lived in the foothills?
How did it affect the Bundrums specifically? How are they treated by landlords,
sheriffs, and others in positions of power?
For centuries, recorded history has largely been the account of
those who have had the greatest impact on world events. Why is the history of a
man like Charlie Bundrum important? In what ways does it offer a door into
American history and culture that more conventional histories cannot provide?
In the epilogue, Bragg argues that when compared with the new South,
Charlie Bundrum seems larger than life, because of "his complete lack of shame.
He was not ashamed of his clothes, his speech, his life. He not only thrived, he
gloried in it" [p. 248]. What accounts for Charlie's pride? Why is Bragg so
proud of him? What does Ava's Man suggest about the way in which inner
character is more important than external circumstances?
Unless otherwise stated, this discussion guide is reprinted with the permission of Vintage.
Any page references refer to a USA edition of the book, usually the trade paperback version, and may vary in other editions.
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