Please be aware that this discussion guide may contain spoilers!
About this book
Willow never dreamed that her childhood friend would become a world-renowned writer. In the
impoverished Chinese village of Chin-kiang, a young pickpocket meets her match in Pearl
Sydenstricker, the daughter of the village's only white man, a Christian missionary named
Absalom. Willow and her Papa befriend Pearl's family to get a hot meal, but eventually Papa and
Absalom become partners in recruiting the villagers to join the church. Meanwhile, Willow and
Pearl strike up a friendship that will last a lifetime.
As Willow and Pearl come of age, their lives diverge: Willow is forced to become a concubine,
and Pearl leaves Chin-kiang to study in Shanghai and America. When Pearl returns to the
village, it is to marry Lossing Buck, an ambitious American agriculturist. As Willow and Pearl
struggle with unhappy marriages, political unrest drives them out of Chin-kiang. The women
reunite in Nanking, where Pearl begins writing fiction, determined to bring stories of the Chinese
people to Western readers. Her talents draw the attention of Hsu Chih-mo, China's preeminent
poet, but the writers' love affair is cut tragically short.
As Mao and his Communist Party take over the country, Pearl is exiled to America, never to
return to her true home of China. And although Willow pays a steep price for her connection to
the Western writer, she remains true to her friendship and her values.
Pearl of China opens with a quotation from Pearl S. Buck: "I was never deceived by
Chinese women, not even by the flower-like lovely girls. They are the strongest women
in the world." Discuss how two strong-willed characters in Pearl of China, Willow and
Madame Mao, display the fortitude that Buck describes. How are these two women's
strengths similar and different? Who benefitsand who suffersfrom these two
Describe the changing fortune of Willow's family. When we first meet Willow, how is
her family coping with poverty? How do their fortunes change over the course of the
novel? How does Willow's peasant background eventually become an advantage?
Although Pearl is American, "beneath her skin, she was Chinese." (263) What Chinese
qualities does Pearl exhibit in childhood and in adulthood? What American
characteristics does she have? How is Pearl able to reconcile her Chinese heritage and her
Compare the relationships Pearl and Willow have with their fathers. What troubles does
each girl have with her father? How does the relationship between Pearl and Absalom
change over the course of the novel, and what difficulties between them are never
Absalom's church in Chin-kiang weathers many changes. How do Papa and Carpenter
Chan attempt to reconcile Christian and Chinese traditions? What strategies seem most
successful in attracting new members to the church? How does Absalom react to these
changes? How does the church endure and evolve after Absalom's death?
Willow loves two musical works: the Chinese opera The Butterfly Lovers and the
Christian hymn "Amazing Grace." When does she first encounter each work? What
impact does each have upon her life?
Discuss the love triangle of Willow, Pearl, and Hsu Chih-mo. How does the poet come
between the two women friends? How does Willow react to Pearl and Hsu Chi-Mo's
affair at first? Does she seem to fully recover from this heartbreak after Hsu Chih-mo's
death? Why or why not?
Both Papa and Willow are subjected to torture due to their friendships with Absalom and
Pearl. Why does Papa betray Absalom when Bumpkin Emperor and the Nationalists
torture him? How does Willow withstand Madame Mao's imprisonment?
Marital problems plague many characters in Pearl of China. Consider the following
troubled couples: Absalom and Carie, Pearl and Lossing, Willow and Dick. What do
these marriages have in common, and how are they different? What better models of love
and coupling exist within the novel?
Discuss the theme of forgiveness in Pearl of China. When are Papa, Dick, and Bumpkin
Emperor forgiven, and why? What friendships and values are strengthened through
forgiveness? Which characters have difficulty forgiving others' transgressions, and why?
As she begins to write novels, Pearl tells Willow, "The character must believe in himself,
and he must have the stamina to endure." (113) Does Willow display the courage that
Pearl describes? What hardships is Willow able to endure? At which moments is her
belief in herself especially challenged?
Willow reminisces, "Without Pearl and Hsu Chih-mo in my life, I never would have been
the person I am today ... Although I published and impressed others as a writer, it was
never my air and rice, as it was for Pearl and Hsu Chih-mo." (15556) How does writing
serve as "air and rice" for Pearl and Hsu Chih-mo? How do Pearl and Willow maintain
their connection to Hsu Chih-mo after his death?
Describe Dick's relationship with Mao and Communism. How does Dick demonstrate his
loyalty to Mao's cause? When is Dick's loyalty challenged, and how does he react? Why
does Mao decline to protect Dick from Madame Mao? What regrets does Dick express on
his deathbed, and how does Willow react to these confessions?
On her voyage to America, Willow pictures Pearl's American home: "I imagined the rooms filled with tasteful furniture and decorated with Western art. Pearl would have a
library, for she had always been a lover of books. I also imagined that she would have a
garden. She had inherited Carie's passion for nature. The garden would be filled with
plants whose names I wouldn't know, but it would be beautiful." (26162) What
surprises does Willow discover when she finally sees Pearl's home and garden? How do
Pearl's home, garden, and grave meet her expectations, and how do they defy her
If you have read The Good Earth, discuss similarities and differences between Buck's
novel and Min's Pearl of China. How does each author portray the people, land, and
troubles of rural China?
Anchee Min, Red Azalea and Empress Orchid;
Pearl S. Buck, The Good Earth; Ha Jin, Waiting;
Dai Sijie, Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamstress;
Janice Y. K. Lee, The Piano Teacher;
Lofthouse, My Splendid Concubine;
Maureen Lindley, The Private Papers of Eastern Jewel;
Mo Yan, Red Sorghum;
Lisa See, Shanghai Girls;
Shan Sa, Empress; Su Tong,
Raise the Red Lantern.
Unless otherwise stated, this discussion guide is reprinted with the permission of Bloomsbury.
Any page references refer to a USA edition of the book, usually the trade paperback version, and may vary in other editions.
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