Reading guide for Dark Roots by Cate Kennedy

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Dark Roots

By Cate Kennedy

Dark Roots
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  • Paperback: Feb 2008,
    224 pages.

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Please be aware that this discussion guide may contain spoilers!

About This Guide

A Grove Press Reading Guide by Barbara Putnam

We hope that these discussion questions will enhance your reading group's exploration of Cate Kennedy's Dark Roots. They are meant to stimulate discussion, offer new viewpoints, and enrich your enjoyment of the book.  More reading group guides and additional information, including summaries, author tours, and author sites for other fine Grove Press titles, may be found on our Web site, www.groveatlantic.com.


Questions for Discussion
  1. "I have been told, both in approval and in accusation, that I seem to love all my characters. What I do in writing of any character is to try to enter into the mind, heart, and skin of a human being who is not myself. Whether this happens to be a man or a woman, old or young, with skin black or white, the primary challenge lies in making the jump itself. It is the act of a writer's imagination that I set most high." —Eudora Welty.

    Do you think Kennedy seems to love all her characters? Does she enter completely into "the mind, heart, and skin" of different people? Do you, as a reader, feel drawn to follow her there? Which characters in these stories do you understand and feel the best, whether or not you condone their actions?

     
  2. Did you find that the stories offer a surprising range of subjects, tones, and settings? Most are focused on one relationship or a family. Yet think about the variety of human natures and conflicts. The spirit may be sly satire or grim vengeance or just endurance, but usually with ironic insights. Which stories use shock value effectively? Which ones make you smile with satisfaction, perhaps along with the narrator?

     
  3. Violence, real or imagined, is often a place of revelation or a sharp turning point. Think of the accident in "What Thou and I Did, Till We Loved." And the near murder in "Flotsam." Recall the sustained imagery of trapping that leads to the final event in "Cold Snap." What other stories turn on a violent act?

     
  4. Crimes can be blatant or subtle in the stories. Do you think some are even debatable? Eco-crime in "Direct Action" is a destructive yet justifiable act of civil disobedience in the eyes of the perpetrator. And in those of the reader? What about the border smuggling in "Habit"? Where on the scale would you put the pickling episode in "The Testosterone Club"? And how about letting the dog loose in "Sea Burial"?

     
  5. Is lack of communication, or, more dramatically, a failure to communicate something crucial at a crucial time, often the problem in flawed relationships in the stories? In each of them do you notice small, seemingly insignificant moments that might magnify a whole malaise in a relationship? "Oh Andrew, he never talks" (p. 16) in "A Pitch Too High for the Human Ear." In this story where does Andrew find his best communication? Does Kennedy allow us to feel sympathy for both husband and wife? Do you feel more empathy for a character with remorseful insight into his or her limitations? What does the title mean? And the forlorn last words, "Can you hear it Vicki? I want to say. It's not words, it's nothing so coherent as words. It's all of us, hoarse with calling, straining in the darkness to hear something we recognise as our names" (p. 22).

     
  6. When do women make conscious choices to leave men in the stories? When do women decide to live their own lives instead of plumping up and being subsumed by men? How is Daniel portrayed in "Wheelbarrow Thief"? How does Stella's cuisine, especially her stock cooking, prefigure later events? ("But she sees now, what seemed like waste is actually a kind of gift. Something reduced to its essentials, a sum total strained of its parts" p. 159 ). What gives Stella the strength to free herself? "Thinking about it now she savours it, a distilled flavour, runs her hands down her breasts and hips and legs. She is all here, and the cramp is lifting off her like steam" (p. 164). Talk about a similar liberation in "Seizure." Are certain traits shared by Steve and Daniel?

     
  7. How does Monica start to preserve herself (preserve: an operative word in the story) by designating her husband and his two pals "The Testosterone Club"? What in their behavior merits this name? We read of "their complete confidence in their own majestic sexual magnetism" (p. 66). What is the tone of Monica's recollections? Is she appalled, amused, or threatened by the trio? How do Monica's talents as a can-do woman in the kitchen provide her highly satisfactory escape? How does her husband sow the mustard seed of his own destruction with his special gift to his wife? Does the story remind you a little of Alec Guiness's film Kind Hearts and Coronets?

     
  8. Would you say that Cate Kennedy is shrewd about contrasting turbulent interior lives with threats from the outside world? Which stories explore this contrast most dramatically? Can the outside threats be imagined, as perhaps in "Dark Roots"? Is the narrator her own nemesis as she "spirals down" into deception? She calls it a "slippery slope" and "a poison," her fear of aging. "You have traded in your unselfconsciousness for this double-visioned state of standing outside yourself, watchful and tensed for exposure" (p. 84). Is there hope at the end for this May-October romance? What do you think will happen if she turns the light on?

     
  9. In "Habit" when do we learn the sex of the narrator? Does withholding this information contribute to ambiguity in the story? Do we nonetheless learn quite a lot about the narrator through her internal monologue? How real is the menace at customs? How does it compare to the larger menace in the narrator's life? Talk about how sentences like "I seem to be inviting confession," "I have, I suppose, a habit," "it's the faith that heals," and "I am blessed" stitch together the story?

     
  10. In "Cold Snap," how would you describe the boy's mental state? Is he somehow gifted with odd intuition even though he is limited in other ways? How are his love and understanding of trees important to the story? Is it appropriate that the feed-store boy refers to Deliverance? How does the father's revenge foreshadow the pattern of the story later, and does it create a sense of dread? How do the new people bring trouble on themselves? Comment on "Well, it looks like the light's on but there's no one home" (p. 52), "Look at all those bloody trees . . . I'm sick of the sight of them" (p. 53), and "I started explaining but she wasn't really listening" (p. 53). Do the woman's alien, exploitive values lead her to a trap? How does Billy use nature to ensnare "the loony lady" who is herself a threat to nature? "That's what nature's like, for everything poisonous there's something nearby to cure it if you just look around" (p. 57).

     
  11. In "Resize", Dave as a husband feels bleak and inept. How does the imagery of removing the wedding rings ("He feels the moment heat up, become molten") alleviate his feeling baffled and numb? Is the shift buttressed by the clunker of a car suddenly behaving? "He steps on the clutch and finds first gear, feeling the calibrations gnash like teeth momentarily then drop into place, lubricated, fitted together like bones in a hand" (p. 64). Talk about this shift of gears in the marriage.

     
  12. Three of the stories set in motion the relationships of mothers and daughters. Explore the challenges, conflicts, and resolutions faced by both mothers and daughters in "Flotsam," "Angel," and "Soundtrack." The characters and settings are strikingly different. Do you see any points of comparison? Are there some elements of universality?

     
  13. Flannery O'Connor has said that "a story always involves, in a dramatic way, the mystery of personality." Is that a useful way to look at the stories in Dark Roots? O'Connor further says that good stories are not triggered by problems or abstract issues but by concrete details and the five senses. Which of the stories leap to mind for the mystery of personality, concrete detail, and the senses? Can you give examples?

     
  14. Motivation for characters' actions can be murky and deceptive. Often even the characters fail to understand why they do what they do . . . or fail to do. Auden has said, "The desires of the heart are as crooked as corkscrews." Do you understand what drives people in this book? Which ones still perplex you?

     

Suggestions for Further Reading

A Few Short Notes on Tropical Butterflies by John Murray;
Where You Find It by Janice Galloway;
Goodnight, Nobody by Michael Knight;
Sightseeing by Rattawut Lapcharoensap;
the short fiction of Lorrie Moore,
The Dead Fish Museum by Charles D'Ambrosio;
Everyman's Rules for Scientific Living by Carrie Tiffany.

Unless otherwise stated, this discussion guide is reprinted with the permission of Black Cat. Any page references refer to a USA edition of the book, usually the trade paperback version, and may vary in other editions.

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