Please be aware that this discussion guide may contain spoilers!
About This Guide
The introduction, questions, and suggestions for
further reading that follow are intended to enhance your group's discussion of
Brother, I'm Dying, a memoir of the tragedy and losses of a Haitian
family and the hope of a new life in America.
About This Book
When she was four, Edwidge Danticat's mother left
Haiti to join her father who had gone to New York two years earlier, leaving her
and her younger brother, Bob, in the care of her father's brother, Joseph.
Edwidge came to think of her uncle Joseph as a second father because he treated
her with such tenderness and because, as a minister, "he knew all the verses for
love" [p. 35]. Until she was twelve, when she finally joined her parents in
Brooklyn, she lived in the Bel Air section of Port-au-Prince as a member of her
uncle's family. While Edwidge struggled to integrate herself into her parents'
household (she and Bob were joining two brothers born in America), her uncle was
absorbing the challenges of life in Haiti as its political situation
deteriorated and violent gangs gained in power. The story Danticat tells is
often disturbing as the people she loves are exposed to misfortune, injustice,
and violence, but ultimately, Brother, I'm Dying is reassuring in its
expression of deep familial love and enduring bonds.
Danticat tells us that she has constructed the story from the "borrowed
recollections of family members. . . . What I learned from my father and
uncle, I learned out of sequence and in fragments. This is an attempt at
cohesiveness, and at re-creating a few wondrous and terrible months when
their lives and mine intersected in startling ways, forcing me to look
forward and back at the same time" [pp. 25-26]. Discuss what this work of
reconstruction and reordering means for the structure of the story she
presents, as well as for her own understanding of what happened to the two
Consider the scene in which Danticat sees the results of her pregnancy
test. How do her fears for her father affect her first thoughts of her
child? She says to herself, "My father is dying and I'm pregnant"
[pp. 14-15]. How does this knowledge change her sense of time? How does it
affect her understanding of the course of her family's history?
As a child, Danticat was disturbed at how little her father said in the
letters he sent to the family in Haiti. He later told her, "I was no writer.
. . . What I wanted to tell you and your brother was too big for any piece
of paper and a small envelope" [p. 22]. Why, as a child, did she "used to
dream of smuggling him words" [p. 21]?
How does young Edwidge retain her loyalties to her parents, even though
they are absent from her life for so many years? Is there evidence that she
feels hurt or rejected by their decision to leave for the States? How does
she feel when they come back to visit Haiti with two new children [pp.
Haiti's history is briefly sketched on page 29 and elsewhere. While many
readers will know that Haiti was a slave colony, why is the fact of the
American invasion and nineteen-year occupation less well known [p. 29]?
Danticat's paternal grandfather, Granpè Nozial, fought with the guerrilla
resistance against the Americans. How does the family's engagement with
Haiti's political history affect Joseph's unwillingness to emigrate to the
U.S.? Why does he refuse to leave Haiti, or even to remove himself from the
dangers of Bel Air [pp. 30-36]?
If so few words are passed between Danticat's parents and their two
children in Haiti, how is emotion transmitted? Is there a sense, in the
book, that Danticat is emotionally reticent even after her reunion with her
parents? Why is she reluctant to tell her parents the news about her
pregnancy [p. 44]? Why is it important that her father gave her a typewriter
as a welcoming present [pp. 118-20]?
7. Danticat found a scrap of paper on which she had written, soon after
coming to Brooklyn, "My father's cab is named for wanderers, drifters,
nomads. It's called a gypsy cab" [p. 120]. What does this suggest about
how she understood, or thought about, her father's work and her family's
status in America? What does it reveal about a young girl's interest in the
power of words?
Brother, I'm Dying is Danticat's first major work of nonfiction.
What resemblances does it bear-if any-to her works of fiction in terms of
style, voice, content, etc.?
Danticat says of her story, "I am writing this only because they can't"
[p. 26]. As a girl, Edwidge was often literally her uncle's voice, because
after his tracheotomy she could read his lips and tell others what he was
saying. Why is it important that she also speak for her father and her uncle
in writing this memoir?
Consider the relationship between the two brothers, Mira and Joseph.
There is a significant difference in age, and Mira has been away from his
brother for decades, by the end of the story. Despite this, they remain
close. What assumptions about kinship and family ties are displayed in their
love for each other? Are these bonds similar to, or stronger than, ties you
would see between American-born brothers?
When Danticat describes the death of her cousin, Marie-Micheline, or her
uncle's list of the bodies he has seen on the street, or when she recounts
the story of the men laughing as they kick around a human head, or the
threat of the gangs to decapitate her uncle Joseph, or the looting and
burning of his home and his church, what is your response as a reader? How
does this violence resonate against the warmth and love that are so clearly
expressed by the feeling of Danticat's extended family members for each
How does Danticat convey a sense of the richness of Haitian culture?
What are the people like? What are their folk tales like? How does their use
of both Creole and French affect their approach to language and speech? How
does she make us feel the effects of the violence and poverty that the
Does what happened to Joseph while in custody in Florida suggest that
racist assumptions lie at the heart of U.S. immigration policy? Is Danticat
right to wonder whether this would have happened had he not been Haitian, or
had he not been black [p. 222]? Does it seem that the family could have
taken legal action against the Department of Homeland Security?
Danticat's description of what happens to her uncle in U.S. custody is
reconstructed from documents. How does Danticat control her emotion while
presenting these events? How, in general, would you describe her writing
style as she narrates these often devastating events?
Danticat relates her Granmè Melina's story about the girl who wanted the
old woman to bring her father back from the land of the dead [pp. 265-67]:
what is the effect of her decision to end the book with this story? How does
the story reflect on the book as a whole, and on the act of writing?
As one reviewer put it, "If there's such a thing as a warmhearted
tragedy, Brother, I'm Dying is a stunning example" (Yvonne Zipp,
The Christian Science Monitor). Do you agree? If so, what elements in
the writing and the story contribute to this effect?
Dave Eggers, What is the What;Anne Fadiman, The Spirit
Catches You and You Fall Down;Paul Farmer, The Uses of Haiti;Amitav Ghosh, The Shadow Lines;Mary Gordon, Circling My
Mother;Tracy Kidder, Mountains Beyond Mountains;
Jamaica Kincaid, My Brother;Adrian Nicole LeBlanc, Random
Family;Daniel Mason, A Far Country;Jeanette Walls,
The Glass Castle.
Unless otherwise stated, this discussion guide is reprinted with the permission of Vintage.
Any page references refer to a USA edition of the book, usually the trade paperback version, and may vary in other editions.
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