Please be aware that this discussion guide may contain spoilers!
About this Guide
The following list of questions about The Brooklyn Follies are intended
as resources to aid individual readers and book groups who would like to learn
more about the author and this book. We hope that this guide will provide you a
starting place for discussion, and suggest a variety of perspectives from which
you might approach The Brooklyn Follies.
About the Book
Nathan Glass, a curmudgeonly fifty-nine-year-old retired insurance salesman in
recovery from lung cancer, returns to Brooklyn looking for a place to die. The
dark premise of Paul Auster's The Brooklyn Follies belies the humor and
surprising mirth Nathan finds upon moving back to his birthplace. Along with his
literature-loving, cab-driving nephew Tom and a cast of characters including
flamboyant ex-cons, married beauties, a silent nine-year-old, and a lip syncing
drag queen, Nathan shows us the joys of modern urban life, the city as a refuge
for lost souls, and the rescue a lonely man can feel when he embraces community.
What role does redemption play in the novel? Nathan tells us that he
returned to Brooklyn because "I was looking for a quiet place to die," and
yet he manages to build a quirky, vibrant life. What are some other examples
of redemption in the book?
The need for companionship both causes pain for the characters in The
Brooklyn Follies and at the same time offers them fulfillment. What
alliances and loves develop which demonstrate this need? How do the need for
community and the need for love distinguish themselves or blend into one
Nathan claims that he is not the central character of this story. "The
distinction of bearing the title of Hero of this book belongs to my nephew,
Tom Wood." In what ways is this statement misleading? In what ways is it
accurate? Why would Nathan make such a claim?
Coincidence plays a huge role in The Brooklyn Follies: Nathan
finding Tom at the book store, for example, or Nathan's car breaking down in
Vermont and leading to The Chowder Inn. How is both the plot and character
development driven by chance, or twist of fate, in this novel?
When Nathan first encounters his nephew Tom, he sees that his favorite
relative has become "a sad sight to behold . . . everything about him
suggested defeat." How do Tom's failures mirror Nathan's disappoints about
his own life, his own fate at the outset of the novel, prior to the
revitalization of his life? How do their respective recoveries also reflect
Contemporary American fiction often focuses on the individual; The
Brooklyn Follies weaves a tapestry of community. In the suburbs, where
Nathan felt isolated, he believed his life was "sad and ridiculous." He
comes to Brooklyn seeking solitude and yet finds kinship almost by accident.
What do you see in this commentary on city life versus suburban life?
In this novel, how does Brooklyn act as a fortress of reason vis-à-vis
the rest of the country? What damage do we see wrought outside of the city
and corrected as a result of a character's move to the urban environment?
How would you describe Nathan's style as a narrator? What are the
advantages and disadvantages does this style of narration?
Look at the passage on pages 154156 in which Tom delivers the story of
Kafka's doll. "When a person is lucky enough to live inside a story, to live
inside an imaginary world, the pains of this world disappear," he says. How
can this statement, as well as the story of Kafka's doll, serve as parable
for Nathan's life as a whole?
The Brooklyn Follies ends forty-six minutes before the attack on
the World Trade Center, with Nathan Glass "happy, my friends, as happy as
any man who had ever lived," having just been released from the hospital
after his second near-death experience. What do you think Auster is trying
to convey to his audience with this reminder of the complicated and
dangerous world in which we live? In what ways does the book highlight the
differences of pre- and post-9/11 life in America?
"Another ex," says Harry Brightman. "By the time a man gets to be our
age, Nathan, he's little more than a series of exes." By the time we have
reached the end of The Brooklyn Follies, is this statement still
applicable to Nathan's life? Why or why not?
In reference to Tom's discovery of pictures of his sister Aurora in a
pornographic magazine, Nathan says, "When you've lived as long as I have,
you tend to think you've heard everything, that there's nothing left that
can shock you anymore . . . then, every once in a while, something comes
along that jolts you out of your smug cocoon of superiority, that
reminds you all over again that you don't understand the first thing about
life." What are some other occasions during which Nathan experiences this
sort of jolt? Do any other characters find themselves jolted as such?
In comparing Poe and Thoreau, Tom Wood has selected two American authors
who were very much interested in the idea of sanctuary. How do the spirits
of these two authors and the respective sanctuaries they sought infuse Tom
and Nathan's interactions? What other giants of American literature have an
influence, direct or indirect, on the characters in The Brooklyn Follies?
"You love life," says Nathan to Tom, "but you don't believe in it. And
neither do I." This statement quickly becomes untrue as both men cast off
their inertia. To what extent does action create belief for both Nathan and
Tom? What obstacles to action do they face and overcome?
"All men contain several men inside them and most of us bounce from one
self to another without ever knowing who we are," says Nathan. While he is a
rather self-aware individual, in what ways does Nathan surprise himself with
How is this a book of both happy endings and terrible fates? Cite
examples of how Auster intersperses and intertwines these two seemingly
Unless otherwise stated, this discussion guide is reprinted with the permission of Picador.
Any page references refer to a USA edition of the book, usually the trade paperback version, and may vary in other editions.
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