Please be aware that this discussion guide may contain spoilers!
When the political situation becomes too grave, a family of foreign aid workers makes a perilous journey to the border of the war-torn nation that they have called home.
Tiger's parents are aid workers in a foreign country wrecked by war. They decide to leave when the political situation in the country becomes so volatile that they fear for their child's safety. On the day of the family's departure, Tiger rescues a fish from muddy waters and insists that they take it along. The fish is secured in a jar strapped to Tiger's back and becomes a symbol of hope as the family, along with a guide, makes their long trek to the border. Food and water are scarce, and an encounter with "fighting men" threatens the family's survival. Will the travelers' faith in their ability to endure get them to the border and to safety?
Pre-Reading Activity Ask students to collect information about current events related to war and pin them to a bulletin board. Engage the class in a discussion about the politics behind war and the affects of war on the people of war-torn nations. Then ask the class to debate ways to deal with political conflicts other than war. Ask students to research aid workers in foreign countries. Then discuss with the students the risks these people face, who helps them when they need it, and how they would feel about doing it.
FamilyTiger says, "We were a funny familynot like the ones in the books I read, which we'd brought from our own country." (p. 3) Discuss how Tiger's family might seem different from those in books that Tiger reads. Describe their relationship with one another. Discuss how Tiger's family is different because of their work and living conditions. Debate whether the family will change when they return to their own country.
FearTiger's family is quite good at dealing with their fears, but they do experience some fearful moments. At what point does Tiger become frightened for the first time? Discuss how the guide helps the family stay in control of their fears. Describe the moment when the guide almost collapses with fear. Why are the men in the mountain frightened when they see the guide?
CourageDiscuss Tiger's greatest lessons in courage. How is the entire family a role model for courage? Discuss why it takes courage for the guide to help the family escape. Engage the class in a debate about whether it takes more courage for the family to leave than to stay.
HopeAsk the class to discuss how the fish is a symbol of hope. Engage the class in a discussion about why the parents allow Tiger to take the fish along when they are so limited in what they can carry. Why does the fish seem large at times and small at other times? Why does Tiger need the fish? Discuss why Tiger no longer needs the fish at the end of the journey.
GuiltTiger's father feels guilty about putting his family in such danger. Discuss the guilt he might have felt if they had left the village sooner. Discuss the guilt for leaving and for abandoning the villagers. How does the guide help Tiger's father deal with his guilt? Tiger's father refuses to let the donkey carry Tiger until it becomes absolutely necessary. How is this decision related to guilt?
SurvivalTiger has been considered a "fighter" since birth. How is this quality important to Tiger's survival as the family makes their journey to the border? How does the family's work prepare them for survival? Why is the guide so interested in helping Tiger's family? Discuss why the guide disappears at the end of the novel. Ask the class to distinguish between mental and physical survival. How does the family deal with mental survival?
Connecting to the Curriculum
Language ArtsThe guide makes a distinction between "fighting men" and "soldiers." Ask the class to discuss the difference. Then have them find an article in a newspaper or magazine that describes the men and women fighting in Iraq. Have students write a short paper that discusses whether the article they read reflects "soldiers" or "fighting men."
Engage the class in a discussion about why the author doesn't reveal Tiger's gender. Write down passages from the novel that make it appear that Tiger is a boy. How does the author hint that Tiger is a girl? Study the hints, and decide Tiger's gender. Write a one-page persuasive paper that reveals your decision.
Social StudiesThe General Assembly of the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on December 10, 1948. Divide the class into small groups and ask them to read these human rights (www.un.org/Overview/rights.html). Then have each group locate pictures in magazines and newspapers that represents one of the human rights. Make a class mural using collage called "Supporting World Peace and Freedom."
Many of Tiger's village friends go to the next country and live in a refugee camp. Ask students to use the Internet to find out the location of large refugee camps in the world. Have them mark these camps on a world map. What are the greatest needs of these camps? What organizations are aiding them? Ask students to find out ways they can help.
ScienceTiger's father tries to help the people of the village when they lose their homes because of severe rains and flooding. Ask students to research landslides and other dangerous conditions caused by flooding. Make a visual aid that Tiger's father may have used with the villagers to help explain what to do to prevent damage to their homes.
ArtTiger makes mental plans for a mud boat or raft. Using modeling clay, make a boat that Tiger might make to give to the guide at the end of the journey. What color might Tiger paint the boat? Think of an appropriate name for the boat.
Tiger will have lasting memories of the journey. Select one part of the journey and draw a picture that Tiger might put in a memory book. Share the picture with the class and explain why you chose that particular segment of the journey.
Career ExplorationVisit the Peace Corps Web site (www.peacecorps.gov) and find out job opportunities. What are the requirements and qualifications for such jobs? Find out which countries benefit from the work of the Peace Corps. Ask students to play the "Pack Your Bags Game" (www.peacecorps.gov/kids/index.html). Then have them go to the library and conduct further research on the country where they would most like to work. (BookBrowse note: The Peace Corps is a USA organization, but similar organizations exist in other countries. For example 'Voluntary Service Overseas' (VSO) in the United Kingdom (http://www.vso.org.uk/) and Canada (http://www.vsocan.com/).
Ask students to jot down unfamiliar words in the novel and try to define them using clues from the context of the story. Such words may include: trek (p. 14), suffocating (p. 19), vigorously (p. 20), checkpoints (p. 31), chirrup (p. 60), hoisted (p. 63), nosebags (p. 63), carcass (p. 67), maneuver (p. 75), treacle (p. 83), gorge (p. 99), clamoured (p. 109), hostages (p. 128), incredulous (p. 131), and vantage (p. 157)
BEYOND THE BOOK
Visit a Refugee Camp: www.refugeecamp.org This site offers a virtual visit to a refugee camp.
Western Sahara Online: www.wsahara.net/camps.html The site provides information on the Western Saharan refugee camps.
Peace Corps: www.peacecorps.org This is the official Web site for the Peace Corps.
Cross-Cultural Solutions: www.crossculturalsolutions.org This is the official Web site for this not-for-profit international volunteer organization.
OTHER TITLES OF INTEREST
A Single Shard by Linda Sue Park
Courage Hope Family Survival
Grades 4 up / 0-440-41851-8
Farewell to Manzanar by Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston and James D. Houston
Courage Fear Survival
Grades 6 up / 0-553-27258-6
In My Hands: Memories of a Holocaust Rescuer by Irene Gut Opdyke with Jennifer Armstrong
Courage Fear Survival Family Hope
Grades 6 up / 0-679-89181-1
Alfred A. Knopf
Milkweed by Jerry Spinelli
Courage Fear Survival Family
Grades 5 up / 0-375-81374-8
Alfred A. Knopf
Copyright: Prepared by Pat Scales, Director of Library Services, SC Governor's School for the Arts and Humanities, Greenville. Reproduced at BookBrowse.com with the permission of the publisher, Delacorte Books for Young Readers.
Unless otherwise stated, this discussion guide is reprinted with the permission of Hodder Children's Books.
Any page references refer to a USA edition of the book, usually the trade paperback version, and may vary in other editions.
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