On October 28, 2000, President Clinton signed the Trafficking Victims Protection Act into law. It charges the State Department to direct and sponsor programs that combat slavery. It also is responsible for evaluating the abolition efforts of any nation with more than 100 slaves.
One of the primary tools the State Department uses is an annual Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report. It assigns each country one of three designations:
- Tier 1: Those countries working hard and succeeding in eradicating slavery.
- Tier 2: Countries working hard towards abolition, but failing.
- Tier 3: Countries making no effort at all to curb slavery.
Non-trade sanctions will be enacted against Tier 3 countries if there has
been no change in their efforts (although the President can waive Tier 3 status
if he chooses to do so).
The TIP Report has had mixed results. The trade sanctions have been ineffective, but often countries listed as Tier 3 will be ...