Are Ridgefield University and its incredible library based upon a real institution?
Ridgefield is an amalgam of several North Carolina institutionsWake Forest University, where my father taught English for forty years and where I spent many happy hours in the library as a child; Davidson College, where I received my B.A. in 1984; and Duke University, which several of my family members attended. The Devereaux Collection is fictional, but there are certainly many American institutions that have fine collections of rare books. Among those that I have visited most frequently and which helped inspire both the Devereaux Collection and the Devereux Room are Princeton University, Harvard University, New York University, Emory University, and the New York Public Library.
You are an avid book collector and former antiquarian bookseller. Can you discuss how you became interested in both and pursued them?
My father is a book collector, and in the 1970s he began collecting editions of Robinson Crusoe. This turns out to be a great book to collect, since it has been in print constantly for nearly three hundred years. As a teenager, I would often look for copies in secondhand bookshops. In college I began to collect for myself, focusing on editions of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. This was the beginning of a collection that now covers all aspects of Lewis Carroll and his world. I chose Alice because I was inspired by my father to collect a single title and because, as a child, on rainy days I had listened to old records of Cyril Ritchard reading the Alice books. I got my first job out of college working for an antiquarian bookseller and my first wife and I soon decided to go into business for ourselves. Because of our interest in Lewis Carroll, one of our specialties was antiquarian children's books. I was active in the antiquarian book business for about a decade and traveled widely in England and the United States to visit dealers, go to book fairs, and make purchases from estates and individuals. Like Peter, I spent time in Hay-on-Wye, and took driving trips through New England. Though I am no longer an active dealer, I have continued to collect, and remain active in Lewis Carroll Societies in both North America and England. My favorite thing about both book collecting and bookselling has been the wonderful people to whom those pursuits have introduced me all around the world.
Do most antiquarian booksellers also repair their finds or is restoration usually a separate profession?
There are certainly some people who do both, but I'd say it's more usual that some dealers dabble in restoration and some restorers dabble in dealing. I wanted to introduce my readers, through Peter, to as many aspects of the world of rare books as I could.
What was your most incredible find? Do you yourself, like Peter, seek a particular grail?
As a dealer I'd say my greatest find came when I was called out to appraise some books for an estate. When I arrived, I found a house that was little more than a shack in the woods, and I figured the trip was a waste of time. But inside the house were about six thousand volumes, including hundreds of first editions of modern literature, all in superb condition in their original dust jackets. The man who had owned this collection hadn't ever done business with a rare book dealer; he had simply bought all these books when they were brand-new and kept them in perfect condition. I ended up buying most of the books for my business. At one point, I was on the verge of tossing a couple of paperbacks into the twenty-five cent box, when I decided to give them a closer look. They turned out to be the two-volume first edition of Vladimir Nabokov's Lolita. I sold them with a single phone call to another dealer, and the next month saw them catalogued for $3,000. As a collector I've made many finds. While the rarest books (like the true first edition of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland that I obtained in 1986one of five privately owned copies) usually show up at auction, my favorite acquisitions have some sort of story behind them. Looking over my books is like looking through a scrapbook of friends, colleagues, travels, and adventures. My favorite recent acquisition was Lewis Carroll's actual typewriter. He loved gadgets of all kinds, and this was a special favorite of his. And it still works! As far as what grail I seekit's a question we book collectors ask one another often, a way to get a window into someone else's collecting. For myself, the holy grail of Lewis Carroll collecting would have to be the four volumes of his personal diary that went missing back in the 1930s. Of course, if they were ever discovered, they would belong to his family, but that would be a thrill to pull the top off a box and find those lost volumes with that familiar handwriting. You could write a novel about something like that.
What do you think Shakespeare would have thought about all the controversy surrounding his plays' authorship?
It's hard to say. Though W. H. Smith exaggerates the case in his work on Shakespeare quoted in The Bookman's Tale, it is true that we don't know much about Shakespeare. And outside the plays themselves, what we know is mostly factual. We don't know what his personality was like. This is great if you happen to be writing a novel in which Shakespeare appears as a character. I could make him whatever sort of person I wanted. But it also means it's hard to guess how he would feel about a particular situation. I like to think that he would be amused by the authorship controversy and amazed that people still care about his plays four hundred years later.
Did you create the character of Bartholomew Harbottlethe supposed inspiration for Autolycusafter watching or reading Shakespeare's A Winter's Tale?
Early on in the process of making notes about what became The Bookman's Tale, I hit upon the idea of having three booksellers in three different time periods. While Benjamin Mayhew (the Victorian bookseller) became a less central character in his story line than Bartholomew Harbottle and Peter Byerly, I kept that idea. I also thought it would be interesting if they were each dishonest in some way. Ultimately, Peter didn't have this particular character flaw, but I loved that Bartholomew Harbottle was a bit of a rogue. I wanted the Shakespearean artifact Peter discovered to be something both believable and unusual a lost play seemed too easy. I liked the idea of an annotated source for one of Shakespeare's plays and ultimately chose Pandosto because it fit all my criteria: written by an Elizabethan, not generally known to modern readers, and exceptionally rare in its original printing. I had seen a wonderful production of A Winter's Tale at the Globe Theatre in London in 1997 in which Autolycus entered from the audience wearing a trench coat, holding a brown bag with a bottle in it. As the novel developed it struck me that Harbottle was like Autolycus in many ways, so it seemed a great connection to make.
Is it true that the Grolier Club didn't admit female members until sometime in the 1970s? Is there a real Hroswitha Club and was it founded as a response to the Grolier Club's ban on women?
I'm proud to be a member of the Grolier Club, however, it is true that women were not admitted until 1976. While Amanda Devereaux is fictional, many of the collectors and dealers she encounters, like Henry Clay Folger and A.S.W. Rosenbach, were real people in an age when book-collecting was largely male dominated. The Hroswitha Club of women book collectors was founded in New York in 1944 and while it may not have been in direct response to the Grolier Club's "boys only" policy of the time, it seems likely that, had the Grolier Club accepted women, there would have been less demand for a club such as Hroswitha. The archives of the Hroswitha Club are now held in the Grolier Club library.
You include some pretty serious crimes in The Bookman's Tale, including murder. Is the world of antiquarian books as sensational as your novel makes it seem?
Most of the time, no. Some of the nicest people I've ever met have been my fellow book collectors, librarians, and dealers. However, there are certainly plenty of examples of criminals in the world of rare books. One reason I wanted to include the true stories of the forger Thomas Wise and the forger and murderer Mark Hoffman was to show that putting danger and criminal activity into the world of rare books was not out of keeping with reality.
In addition to The Bookman's Tale, you are also the author of numerous plays and books of nonfiction as well as books for children. What inspired you to write your first novel for adults?
I had always been interested in writing fiction and in 1997 earned my MFA in creative writing. The genesis of The Bookman's Tale came in 2005 I was walking alone in the Yorkshire countryside on a chilly day. I had just finished devouring the latest Harry Potter book and I was thinking about what I might like to write next when I hit on the idea of a hiding a secret in an old family chapel. I think this idea must have come from recalling a previous trip to the north of England during which some friends had taken me to see a tomb in just such a chapel. Like Evenlode House, the house near the chapel had fallen into disrepair and the residents lived in trailers in the garden. When I returned from my walk, I began to make notes and ended up with several pages of ideas about a Victorian English painter and a modern day American expatriate bookseller. With the exception of those two characters and the settings of the falling down house and hidden chapel, almost nothing of my original notes made it into the novel. In fact, it was two years later before I started working on the book in earnest. During the same time that I was working on revising the early drafts of the novel, my wife and I bought and renovated a cottage in Oxfordshire village of Kinghamthe same cottage we had lived in for six months ten years earlier. With a few modifications, our cottage became Peter's cottage, and my own familiarity with rare books and the English countryside helped me create the world of the novel.
Who are some of your literary influences?
There are so manyJane Austen and Charles Dickens for the way they draw characters, John Irving for his masterful storytelling, P. G. Wodehouse, David Lodge, and Tom Sharpe for their senses of humor, and of course A. S. Byatt for the way she can weave together literary history and contemporary fiction in books like Possession and The Children's Book.
Several of your nonfiction books are about Lewis Carroll and Peter contemplates his original drawings
in The Bookman's Tale. Do you feel a particular affinity to the creator of Alice in Wonderland?
I came to Lewis Carroll first as a book collector, having no idea about the man himself. Over the years I've discovered that not only was he a fascinating figure, but he lived in a fascinating time. I feel an affinity to him not because of similarities in our characters, but simply because I feel I know him so well after years
of researching him and his times. The biggest thing my interest in Carroll has taught me is the importance of having a passion. It doesn't really matter what that passion ismine happens to be Lewis Carrollbut if you have one your life will be so much richer. Because of Carroll I have traveled to amazing places,
met wonderful people, read great books, and explored a whole world of books and book collectors that ultimately led me to create The Bookman's Tale.
What are you working on now?
I'm working on the follow-up book (not a sequel exactly) to The Bookman's Tale. This is a novel (working
title First Impressions) about a lost Jane Austen artifact which could rewrite the history of the English novel.
The protagonist is a young woman, but that's about all I can say right now.
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