with Karen Essex about Leonardo's Swans
Leonardo's Swans reveals the drama behind some of Leonardo da
Vinci's most famous paintings, but the story is told through the points of view
of the rivaling Este sisters. Why did you choose to tell it this way?
Beatrice and Isabella d'Este, princesses of Ferrara, were women of
enormous influence in the Renaissance courts. They ruled withand in the stead
oftheir husbands, acted as diplomats and ambassadors, patronized great artists,
and influenced fashion. Isabella's patronage enabled titans of art like Titian,
Mantegna, and Raphael to flourish. Yet the history books fail to mention these
fascinating woman unless in a perfunctory way as wives of powerful men. I
thought that their stories deserved to be brought to modern readers.
Most chapters of Leonardo's Swans begin with notebook entries
attributed to Leonardo. Did you invent these sections?
These excerpts are from Leonardo's notebooks and letters. Some have
been paraphrased or rewritten to be more palatable to the contemporary reader,
and occasionally, I invented a sentence to give context. Leonardo is such a
towering figureand a controversial onethat I wanted the portrait of him to be
drawn from his own thoughts and experiences.
And yet you do not portray him as a "towering figure," but as a mere
mortal who always needs money and who has real "issues" about finishing what he
Despite his genius, Leonardo shared the quandaries of all artists past
or present. He had to feed and clothe himself and his dependents, and he had to
maintain his integrity while pleasing his patrons. He was certainly one of the
great "rock stars" of his day, but his situation was the same as a modern day
rock star who has to fight with his record label over money and the creative
content of his songs.
Who are "Leonardo's Swans," and why did you choose that title?
A: The swans are Beatrice d'Este, the duke of Milan's fifteen year old
wife; her sister, Isabella d'Este, Marchesa of Mantua; Cecilia Gallerani, the
duke's seventeen year old mistress; and Lucrezia Crevelli, the duke's later
mistress. All the women appear in Leonardo's art. Leonardo was intrigued with
swans. Though the original is lost, a copy of his painting of Leda and the Swan
by one of his students, is on the book's cover. When I read a line about swans
in his notebooks, the title, cover art, and theme of the book fell into place.
Are all the paintings in the book based on real works of art?
Yes, they are the actual works of Leonardo and the other artists
referenced, and the female characters are the flesh and blood subjects of these
paintings. In fact, at the end of the book, I detail what happened to most of
these characters, and where the specific paintings and drawings can be seen.
Are the stories of how Leonardo came to paint The Last Supper
and his legal entanglements over The Virgin of the Rocks actually true?
Yes, true down to the detail of how he postponed finishing The Last
Supper for years until he found the perfect model for the face of Judasmuch
to the frustration of his patrons. He also clashed with the monks who
commissioned The Virgin of the Rocks. The contract he made with them is
in the book, along with the fact that Leonardo failed to honor each and every
clause, choosing instead to make a painting that reflected his own vision.
According to your book, some of his greatest work, like the statue of
The Horse in Milan, has not survived.
I have always been interested in the indelible link between art and
power. Who and what survives depends on who is in power. The destruction of
Leonardo's colossal statue of The Horse commissioned by the Duke of Milan
and destroyed when he was deposed is no different than the destruction of the
colossal buddhas by the Taliban in Afghanistan. Art, politics, and money are
inextricably linked, and I wanted to explore that tension and that theme.